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Periodontitis

 

What's periodontitis?

Periodontitis is a severe disease of the gums. It is brought on by bacteria which were permitted to collect in your gums and teeth. Since periodontitis progresses, your teeth and bones can be broken. But when periodontitis is treated first, and appropriate oral hygiene is maintained, the harm can be ceased. To know more and for treatment, visit dental clinic viman nagar.

 

 

What are the stages of periodontitis?

Periodontitis begins as inflammation and gets worse over time.

 

Infection (gingivitis)

Periodontitis starts with inflammation in the teeth called gingivitis. Among the primary signs of gingivitis is your teeth will bleed when you brush or floss your teeth.

 

You may also notice some discolouration in your teeth. This is known as plaque. Plaque is a buildup of bacteria and food debris onto your teeth. Though bacteria are always present in your mouth, they simply become detrimental when circumstances enable them to increase radically. This may occur if you do not brush or brush, or receive dental cleanings on a normal basis.

 

Early periodontal disease

At the first phases of periodontitis, your teeth straightened, or pull off, from the teeth, and tiny pockets form between teeth and gums. The pockets protect harmful bacteria. Your immune system attempts to fight the disease, along with your gum tissue, begins to clot. You will probably encounter bleeding during brushing and flossing also, and maybe a bone loss.

 

Moderate periodontal disease

If left to advance into moderate periodontal disease, you may experience pain and bleed around the teeth and gum recession. Your teeth will start to eliminate bone support and eventually become loose. The disease may also result in an inflammatory reaction throughout the human entire body.

 

Advanced periodontal disease

In advanced disease, the connective tissues that hold the teeth in place start to deteriorate. The bones, gums, and other tissue which help your teeth are ruined. In case you've advanced periodontitis, you may experience acute pain when chewing gum, intense bad breath, along with a foul taste in your mouth. You will probably lose your teeth.

 

What are the symptoms of periodontitis?

The symptoms depend on the stage of the disease, but normally include:

 

Gums that bleed when you brush your teeth or whiten

poor breath

changes at the position of your teeth or loose gums

receding gums

red, tender, or swollen gums

the buildup of tartar or plaque on your teeth

pain when chewing

tooth reduction

foul taste in your mouth

the inflammatory reaction during the body

Symptoms in the first stages of periodontitis are usually not too noticeable. Your dentist will probably be the first to point them out.

 

What causes periodontitis?

Healthy individuals generally have hundreds of different kinds of germs in their mouth. The majority of them are totally benign. If you don't clean your teeth correctly daily, the germs develop and build up in your teeth.

 

Periodontitis is typically brought on by poor dental hygiene. If You Don't brush your teeth and wash in hard-to-reach areas on your mouth, the following occurs:

 

The germs in the mouth multiply and form a material called dental plaque.

It is very important to see your dentist, dental clinic in viman nagar.
In case you don't eliminate the plaque by brushing, the germs deposit minerals inside the plaque with time.

This nutrient deposition is called tartar, that will encourage further bacterial growth toward the origin of your tooth.

Your own body's immune reaction to the bacterial growth contributes to an inflammation on your gums.

The attachment of this gum into the origin of a tooth is interrupted through the years, and also a periodontal pocket (gap) can form between the gum and origin.

Harmful anaerobic bacteria colonize from the pocket and multiply, releasing toxins which may harm the teeth, teeth, and supporting bone structures.

Furthermore, certain factors put you at a greater risk of periodontitis, for example:

 

Smoking that can be among the largest risk factors for periodontitis

type two diabetes

obesity

hormonal changes in women (such as puberty, pregnancy, or menopause happens ), which may make the teeth more sensitive

ailments that affect your immune systems, such as HIV or leukaemia

drugs that decrease the flow of saliva in your mouth

genetics

bad nutrition, such as a deficiency in vitamin C

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